City of Nagasaki
The city of Nagasaki is especially known for being one of the two cities that was bombed with an atomic bomb during WW2, and this fact overshadows its long history as an ancient point of contact with the Portuguese and the Dutch.
In the year 1541, a Portuguese ship that had strayed from its course arrived in Kyushu, and Nagasaki became the main and almost only Japanese connection to the West. From then on, Christianity was also introduced to Japan which had a lot of influence on the way of thinking of the inhabitants and on the architecture of the buildings.
At the southern tip of Nagasaki, there are several old houses of the first European residents of the Meiji era who had gathered around this garden. Among them, Thomas Blake Glover, a merchant from Scotland, became the most famous and important person. He came to Japan in 1859 and played a large role in starting up international trade. He got married to a Japanese lady and spent the rest of his life in Japan.
There was an island called Dejima which was the only place where business or contact was allowed to be made between the Japanese and the Dutch during the time of international isolation. It is now a museum where they reconstructed the building where Dutch traders used to live. You can learn what they exported to and imported from Japan through the exhibitions.
Nagasaki Peace Park
Nagasaki Peace Park was constructed around the hypocenter of where the atomic bomb was dropped on August 9, 1945. There was a prison at that time. The area has become a huge park, and the Peace Statue designed by Saibo Kitamura was constructed. Around the statue, there are many monuments donated by foreign countries such as the USA, Russia, China, Australia, New Zealand, Brasil, etc.
Atomic Bomb Museum
Next to the Nagasaki Peace Park, there is the Atomic Bomb Museum. The museum was established in 1996 for the remembrance of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki. The museum covers the history of the event like a story, focusing on the attack, and the history leading up to it. It also covers the history of nuclear weapon development. The museum displays photographs, relics, and documents related to the bombing.
Nagasaki China Town
There are several Chinatowns in Japan. The one in Nagasaki is the second biggest one in Japan after the Chinatown in Yokohama. There are about 40 shops and restaurants in the area. There are four entrances and each entrance has a Chinese style gate. During Chinese New Year, they hold the Lantern Festival, during which the streets are beautifully decorated with lanterns. If you have a chance to go there, don’t forget the local delicacy “champon”, which is a unique noodle dish.
Oura Church was constructed in 1862, which makes it the oldest existing Catholic church in Japan. During the Edo period, Christianity was banned by the shogun government. In 1854, when Japan stopped the isolation policy and Nagasaki Port was opened to most western countries (before, it was only open to the Netherlands) in 1859 after which a lot of westerners started to live in Japan. French missionary Bernard-Thadée Petitjean constructed the church for the westerners. Now it is Japan’s national treasure and one of the World Heritage sites in Japan.