National bird of Japan

The national bird of Japan is the green pheasant that is called "Kiji" in the Japanese language. It was declared a national bird in 1947. The Kiji have been part of many legends, mythology, poetry and paintings. The Japanese green pheasant is very famous throughout the world.

The national bird of Japan, if male, has a green crown, blue throat, purple violet collar, the mantle is green with small stripes at the bottom, the green back, dyed in olive or light gray and dark olive color with black and pink trim on the edges.

If it is female, it does not have the color as bright as the male to hide easily while caring for the chicks. The dark part of the mantle feathers is black and extends to the narrow and pale brown border, and has a green glow near the tip. The kiji is endemic to Japan, except for the island of Hokkaido.

It has been observed that these pheasants are particularly sensitive to earthquakes that go unnoticed by human beings who do not feel, and together, alert people to impending tremors.

Pheasants in a natural state are restless and cautious, and tend to remain rather wild in captivity. They startle easily and often hide or seek refuge in the thick vegetation or in the bushes where they also usually sleep.

As a native bird, the kiji appears in literary works, for example it is one of Momotarō's companions, in pictorial works and even in currency, since he is the protagonist on the back of the old 10,000 yen bills.