The busiest station in the world is located in the city of Tokyo and its name is "Shinjuku Station", with more than two million passengers in transit every day. It has a dozen train and subway lines, including the JR Yamanote line. Shinjuku is also one of Tokyo's main stops for buses that travel long distances.
Shinjuku means "new inn" and, today, it is one of the most important and iconic places in all of Tokyo. For the year 2008, the estimated population of this neighborhood was 312,418, with a population density of 17,140 people per km², with a total area of 18.23 km².
In Shinjuku is the Tokyo Government Building, where all the affairs of the big city are handled. In this imposing skyscraper there is an observatory open to the public for free, where you can enjoy a 360 degree view of the entire city. The large government complex has approximately 13,000 employees.
Shinjuku is known for its impressive streets full of neon signs. Throughout the territory there is a wide variety of international cuisine and hundreds of department stores ranging from clothing stores to high-tech devices. Shinjuku is almost always full of people from all sides, therefore, it creates an impressive view of the lighting of the streets along with the volume of people who travel them.
The red district of Tokyo is also in this area and its name is "Kabukicho", whose meaning is "Kabuki City" because it was planned to make a great theater for the art of Kabuki, but although it was never concluded the idea, the name was retained. In this place there is a vast amount of restaurants. There is also the Toei cinema, whose upper part of the building shows a giant replica of the famous Godzilla monster. Kabukicho is known for its extensive network of places dedicated to sexual consumption, girl’s bars, adult stores, love hotels, therefore, it is not recommended to enter any establishment without the company of an expert.
Shinjuku's history dates back to 1636 when several temples and shrines were transferred to the area and, the Daimyo (feudal lord) Naito, moved to the place as representative of his province in Edo. Subsequently, his residence became the Shinjuku Gyoen National Park, a beautiful green area that combines garden styles: Japanese, French and English. A contrast of peace against the hectic city. Shinjuku grew as a city from 1923 because it survived the great Tokyo earthquake, so many skyscrapers were built, later, due to its resistance.
In 1945, from May to August, the United States military forces destroyed 90% of Shinjuku during the great bombing of Tokyo. After the war the territory was rebuilt practically from scratch. Currently, Shinjuku is a cosmopolitan city full of life and recreation for all audiences and is considered the center of Tokyo along with the original center (Marunouchi and Ginza).
Shinjuku is a must-see stop for anyone who wants to know Tokyo.