Tokyo is Japan's capital and the world's largest city.
Prior to 1868, Tokyo was known as Edo. A small castle town in the 16th century, Edo became Japan's political centre in 1603 when the Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu established his feudal government there.
Since then, the area started to develop spreading out around Edo Castle.
A few decades later, Edo had grown into one of the world's most populous cities. With the Meiji Restoration in 1868, the emperor and the nation's capital were moved from Kyoto to Edo, then which was renamed as Tokyo (Capital of the East).
Large parts of Tokyo were devastated by the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 and by the US air bombing of WW2 in 1945. However, Tokyo achieved a remarkably rapid miracle recovery in the post war period.
Today, Tokyo is not only the political and economical center of Japan and it has also emerged as a center of the world economy and culture.
There are a number of attractions in modern Tokyo that should not be missed.
There are numbers of large scale downtown areas, including Ginza where famous shops from around the world stand side by side, the sleepless Shinjuku, Asakusa which is reminiscent of the traditional Edo, and Shibuya that starts the trends for the young people.
Other unique areas include the electric/computer town Akihabara, a dense retail area where numerous electronic shops compete against each other, attracting many shoppers from Japan and overseas, and Tsukiji, an open-air wholesale food market catering to shops and consumers everywhere in Japan.
Tradition and modern are co-exist in today's Tokyo.