Tokyo's history doesn't date back as far as Kyoto and Osaka's history does, but what became today's largest metropole in the world started out as a small town in the 13th century, and became a still small castle town in the 15th century.
The Emperor’s Birthday
The Emperor’s Birthday is a public holiday in Japan. Known as 'Tennou Tanjyobi', this holiday is celebrated on the birthday of the current emperor.
National Foundation Day
February 11th is National Foundation Day (Kenkokukinen-no-Hi), a national holiday for Japanese people to remind themselves of the nation's founding and foster their love for the nation.
The day that is now Culture Day used to be commemorated for another reason: it was a holiday in honor of Emperor Meiji’s birthday.
Osaka has a long history, during which the area has always served as a place where traders from all over Asia and later the world are intermingling with Japanese people. The city is a gateway through which new techniques and ideas entered Japan and has thus always been more diverse than the average Japanese city.
Kyoto's history is a long one, it all started in the 8th century. The city was built as the capital of Japan in that time and was home to the Imperial Court until 1868 when it moved to Tokyo
Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Dome
The Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Products Exhibition Hall was almost directly below the hypocenter of the bomb, but somehow the framework of the building survived the explosion.
National Flag of Japan
The national flag of Japan is officially called 'Nisshoki', which means 'Flag of the Sun symbol', although colloquially it is known as 'Hinomaru' which means 'Circle of the Sun', and it is the most important symbol of Japan.
The National Flower of Japan
Chrysanthemums first came to Japan from China in the fifth century. Chrysanthemum cultivation began in Japan during the Nara and Heian periods (710-1185) when the flower was planted throughout Japan.
Shoguns and Samurai
During the Edo period from 1603-1868, society was divided strictly into social classes, not unlike the caste system in India. The country was ruled by a shogun, who was the highest up in the military of that time.
The Meiji Restoration
The turning point for the city of Edo, actually for all of Japan, was the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry's Black Ships at Edo-wan (now known as Tokyo Bay) in 1853. Perry's US Navy expedition demanded that Japan open itself to foreign trade.
Ukiyo-e : Woodblock Prints
One of the Japanese forms of visual arts that have been famous in the Western world has been ukiyo-e, woodblock prints depicting scenes from Japan around the 17th century.
The Kimono: Japanese Traditional Clothing
In Japan, for many years the way of dressing was very different from the fashions of Western countries. Around the world, the type of traditional Japanese clothing that is most representative is a full-body garment called kimono, which literally means 'object to wear'.